2 yr old is getting fever and cough frequently . Parents narrate cough lasts for 3 was or more
Her grandfather has chronic cough and is tested positive for tb by sputum microscopy
What should be done?
Is he at risk?
How will ptb progress in achild?
What are the x ray findings?
What is primary complex and its fate?
What is reactivation ?
What is the pediatric tb algorithm?
What is CBNAAT? TRUE NAAT?
WHAT IS MGIT ?
What is tst?
What is igra?
He is suggested a daily regimen after CBNAAT positivity
How does it act?
What is latent TB?
Latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) is defined as a state of persistent immune response to stimulation by Mycobacterium tuberculosis antigens with no evidence of clinically manifest active TB. There is no gold standard test for LTBI.
The WHO guidelines on LTBI consider the probability of progression to active TB disease in a specific risk group, the epidemiology and burden of TB, the availability of resources and the likelihood of a broad public health impact
Not all individuals infected with M. tuberculosis develop active TB. It is estimated that the lifetime risk of an individual with LTBI for progression to active TB is 5–10% (5). The risk is particularly high among children under the age of 5 years and among people with compromised immunity
NTEP starts treatment for LTBI from nov 1st